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Monday, April 21

  1. page Army Life edited ... Army Life Page contents: ... / Sutlers/ Who Who Were the Organization of the Armies O…
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    Army Life
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    / Sutlers/ Who Who Were the
    Organization of the Armies Organization of the Armies
    Both the Union and Confederate Armies had similiar organizations. Infantry volunteers who enlisted in the army joined a regiment, named by number and by state. The regiment was a unit of 1,000 men. Each regiment had 10 companies of 100 men each. The regiment was commanded by a Colonel and the company was commanded by a captain.
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    At Gettysburg is a monument honoring Father William Corby. He served with the 88th New York Infantry of the Irish Brigade. When the brigade was ordered into battle on the second day, Father Corby asked for permission to delay the order for a few minutes while he spoke to the soldiers. He stood on top of a boulder, raised his right hand, and amidst the noise of the battle, administered general absolution. The brigade then went into battle. After the war, Fathe Corby was president of Notre Dame University, where there is an identical copy of the Gettysburg statue was placed on the campus.
    This link provides information on the soldier's views on religion.
    WhWho Who Were
    The army consisted of "Regular" soldiers. These were soldiers that were part of the United States Army before the Civil War began. Other soldiers were volunteers. Some soldiers were drafted. The army also consisted of criminals that would join and receive a bounty (a signing bonus), then desert and go to the opposite army and receive another bounty. Laws and customs did not permit women in wars but women did help out by caring for the sick, injured, and they helped make rifle cartridges. Some women did fight as soldiers, even though they were not permitted to enlist.
    More than 3,900 boys under the age of 17 were in the Union Army. The Southern states encouraged boys as young as 15 to join the army and they also pressured elderly men into the military. They did this because they faced a shortage of manpower, which the North did not. Some families accompanied the men to camp and took care of them. Some kids ran away to join the army even though their parents would not allow them to joing the army.
    Sutlers Sutlers
    Sutlers were like traveling salesmen. They followed the army and set up shop, selling items that soldiers wanted or needed. The sutlers of the war were the people who sold food and other necessities to the soldiers of war. The soldiers usually made $13 a week while at war and with that money they would buy the food and other treats the sutlers sold. The soldiers bought this food from them because they may have been tired of eating the same kind of food every day
    Defenses?Defenses Building Defenses
    Being a soldier can be a very boring job. There is a lot of time between battles. Soldiers would train and drill, hoping to make them better soldiers. They also had to repair their equipment so they would be able to fight when called upon. And, of course, they engaged in recreation like card playing. But their leaders really didn't want the troops to be idle.
    One thing that many soldiers had to do was dig. Much of the landscape that the Civil War was fought on was flat, leaving little cover for attackers or defenders. When time permitted, earthen breastworks were made by digging massive ditches. Every foot of earth removed from the flat ground was mounded up and made two feet of cliff that the attackers would have to overcome to get to the defenders. These cliffs provided shelter for the defenders and could always be taller, so this was a good way of using idle time. When the war was over, these mountainous ditches proved to be a great hurdle for farmers trying to resume farming. Where hundreds or thousands of men had dug them, only the landowner and remaining family members were left to try to knock them down so they could plant crops. Today, nearly 150 years since the Civil War began, there are still earthen breast works vWeapisible in the South.
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    7:10 am
  2. page Army Life edited ... At Gettysburg is a monument honoring Father William Corby. He served with the 88th New York In…
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    At Gettysburg is a monument honoring Father William Corby. He served with the 88th New York Infantry of the Irish Brigade. When the brigade was ordered into battle on the second day, Father Corby asked for permission to delay the order for a few minutes while he spoke to the soldiers. He stood on top of a boulder, raised his right hand, and amidst the noise of the battle, administered general absolution. The brigade then went into battle. After the war, Fathe Corby was president of Notre Dame University, where there is an identical copy of the Gettysburg statue was placed on the campus.
    This link provides information on the soldier's views on religion.
    Who Were the SoldiersWh Who Were
    The army consisted of "Regular" soldiers. These were soldiers that were part of the United States Army before the Civil War began. Other soldiers were volunteers. Some soldiers were drafted. The army also consisted of criminals that would join and receive a bounty (a signing bonus), then desert and go to the opposite army and receive another bounty. Laws and customs did not permit women in wars but women did help out by caring for the sick, injured, and they helped make rifle cartridges. Some women did fight as soldiers, even though they were not permitted to enlist.
    More than 3,900 boys under the age of 17 were in the Union Army. The Southern states encouraged boys as young as 15 to join the army and they also pressured elderly men into the military. They did this because they faced a shortage of manpower, which the North did not. Some families accompanied the men to camp and took care of them. Some kids ran away to join the army even though their parents would not allow them to joing the army.
    Sutlers Sutlers
    Sutlers were like traveling salesmen. They followed the army and set up shop, selling items that soldiers wanted or needed. The sutlers of the war were the people who sold food and other necessities to the soldiers of war. The soldiers usually made $13 a week while at war and with that money they would buy the food and other treats the sutlers sold. The soldiers bought this food from them because they may have been tired of eating the same kind of food every day
    What did they do when they weren't fighting? What did they do when they weren't fighting?Defenses? Building Defenses
    Being a soldier can be a very boring job. There is a lot of time between battles. Soldiers would train and drill, hoping to make them better soldiers. They also had to repair their equipment so they would be able to fight when called upon. And, of course, they engaged in recreation like card playing. But their leaders really didn't want the troops to be idle.
    One thing that many soldiers had to do was dig. Much of the landscape that the Civil War was fought on was flat, leaving little cover for attackers or defenders. When time permitted, earthen breastworks were made by digging massive ditches. Every foot of earth removed from the flat ground was mounded up and made two feet of cliff that the attackers would have to overcome to get to the defenders. These cliffs provided shelter for the defenders and could always be taller, so this was a good way of using idle time. When the war was over, these mountainous ditches proved to be a great hurdle for farmers trying to resume farming. Where hundreds or thousands of men had dug them, only the landowner and remaining family members were left to try to knock them down so they could plant crops. Today, nearly 150 years since the Civil War began, there are still earthen breast works vWeapisible in the South.
    (view changes)
    7:07 am
  3. page Army Life edited ... The Union armies were named after major rivers,such as the Potomac, Cumberland, Ohio or James.…
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    The Union armies were named after major rivers,such as the Potomac, Cumberland, Ohio or James. Confederate armies were also named for rivers and for locations, such as The Army of Northern Virginia or The Army of the Tennessee. The armies at Gettysburg were the Army of the Potomac (Union) commanded by a Major General and the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by a General.
    In reality, the numbers of men in the regiments, brigades, divisions and corps varied due to sickness, desertions, deaths and furloughs. When new recruits joined the armies, they were not assigned to the under-strength regiments. Instead, they were formed into new regiments. As the war went on, brigades added understrength regiments to bring up their numbers. By the end of the war, many brigades were comprised of five or six regiments.
    Branches of the armies Branches of
    Both the Union and Confederate armies had the same three branches: the cavalry, the artillery and the infantry. Each had a specific combat skill.
    Calvalry - The cavalry were soldiers who fought on horseback. Sometimes they fought dismounted. When they fought dismounted, every three soldiers would fight while a fourth held their horses. Another duty of the calvary was to be "the eyes and ears" of the army. They were responsible for providing information about the enemy's location and troop strength. Sometimes they conducted raids, where they would go in to enemy territory and wreck havoc. A calvary regiment had 12 troops, or companies.
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    7:06 am
  4. page Army Life edited ... Army Life Page contents: ... the Armies of Armies|Organization / Branches of the arm…
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    Army Life
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    the Armies
    of Armies|Organization
    / Branches of the armies; of the armies|Branches of the armies; Weapons|Infantry Weapons; Discipline; Food; Life|Camp Life; Recreation; Religion; Were the Soldiers|WhoArmy / Weapons / Discipline / Food / Camp Life / Recreation / Religion / Sutlers/ Who Were the Soldiers?; Sutlers; did they do when they weren't fighting?|What did they do when they weren't fighting?Soldiers? / Building Defenses
    Organization of the Armies Organization of the Armies
    Both the Union and Confederate Armies had similiar organizations. Infantry volunteers who enlisted in the army joined a regiment, named by number and by state. The regiment was a unit of 1,000 men. Each regiment had 10 companies of 100 men each. The regiment was commanded by a Colonel and the company was commanded by a captain.
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    Infantry - The infantry are soldiers that fight on foot.Usually they fight with rifled muskets.
    There are other important branches of the army. The quartermaster makes sure everyone has what they need to fight and eat. The medical corps took care of the sick and wounded. The signal corps used flags to communicate messages. The engineering corps planned and built roads and bridges and sometimes planned entrenchments to protect the forts.
    Infantry WeaponsWeapons Infantry Weapons
    When the war began there were no factories in the South that manufactured guns. The North had many factories that produced guns. Soldiers used muzzle loading rifled muskets. The barrel of the gun was rifled. These were spiral grooves inside the barrel that caused the bullet to spin at high speeds after it was shot. The bullet traveled farther and faster than the smoothbore rifle shots. The muskets used a percussion cap to set the charge that made the gun shoot. There were nine steps to loading and firing a gun and an experienced infantry soldier could shoot 3 aimed shots in a minute. The rifles were accurate from 300 yards.
    The rifled muskets used a new type of bullet developed by a French army officer named Claude Minie. The bullet was called the minie (minnie) ball and it was a conical shaped bullet with a hollow base. The minie ball caused many serious injuries because it would explode inside a soldier's body, causing bones to shatter. All soldiers had a .58 rifle and one canteen.
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    What did they do when they weren't fighting? What did they do when they weren't fighting?
    Being a soldier can be a very boring job. There is a lot of time between battles. Soldiers would train and drill, hoping to make them better soldiers. They also had to repair their equipment so they would be able to fight when called upon. And, of course, they engaged in recreation like card playing. But their leaders really didn't want the troops to be idle.
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    breast works visiblevWeapisible in the
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    7:02 am
  5. page Army Life edited Page Army Life Page contents: Organization of the Armies of Armies|Organization of Org…

    PageArmy Life
    Page
    contents:
    Organization
    of the Armies
    of
    Armies|Organization of
    Organization of the Armies Organization of the Armies
    Both the Union and Confederate Armies had similiar organizations. Infantry volunteers who enlisted in the army joined a regiment, named by number and by state. The regiment was a unit of 1,000 men. Each regiment had 10 companies of 100 men each. The regiment was commanded by a Colonel and the company was commanded by a captain.
    (view changes)
    6:57 am

Tuesday, April 15

Tuesday, March 4

  1. page Civil War Trivia edited Trivia Test your knowledge of Civil Wat trivia here!! Post a trivia question if you have one or an…
    Trivia
    Test your knowledge of Civil Wat trivia here!! Post a trivia question if you have one or answer any of the questions posted here.If you answer the question, you have bragging rights, so make sure you put your first name in ( ) after your answer.
    1. Union General Dan Sickles lost a leg in the Battle of Gettsyburg. His leg was amputated and after the war he would bring visitors to a museum to look at his leg. If you wanted to see Dan's leg, what is the name of the museum where you would go to view this attractive anatomical specimen? Answer:
    2. Who was the only civilian killed during the Battle of Gettsyburg and how did the death occur? Answer: Jennie Wade, she was baking bread and a stray bullet hit her in the back killing her. - Pat E.
    3. There is only one monument to an enlisted soldier at Gettysburg. Who is it and what is if for? Answer:
    4.

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    5:13 pm

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